Visit Colonsay is owned and managed by the Colonsay Tourism Marketing Group. Colonsay and Oronsay are home to about 50 colonies of the European dark bee the Apis mellifera mellifera. And most have heard about the strange feudal system of crofting. The formal The church, built in 1802, is always open to the public. COLONSAY (Scotland) – Temperance has made wonderful progress in this small Hebridean Isle, since May 1881, when a society, consisting of about forty young people, was formed. a terrace). There is evidence of human activity on Colonsay going back to 7,000 B.C. Viking period are plentiful, not least in surviving place names, The early years of Clan history had their turbulent periods as well as those of stability and honour. One of the most significant finds on the island was discovered at Kiloran Bay in 1882, when a Viking grave was unearthed on the dunes. forts on the island date to the Iron Age (1200 to 600 BC) and there One of the first such studies revealed an extraordinary and unexpected connection between the O'Byrnes of Wicklow and the families of Beattie and Ferguson in southwest Scotland; as time goes by, such links will be found to form a chain and it is likely that the points of interest or nodes will be within one or two days sailing of one another. THE BACKGROUND. notable because it is carved from a single slab with incredible The church, built in 1802, is always open to the public. the finest in Britain, and there’s a ninth century carved early Christian cruciform Obair an Tobair:. The ancestral home of the Macfies is the island of Colonsay, a small island about 2 miles by 10 miles among the Inner Hebrides, off western Argyllshire. The OS settlement on Colonsay dates back to the Mesolithic period, around The island appears to have been unoccupied during This parish, which is situated to the west of the main land, comprises the islands of Jura, Colonsay, Oronsay, Scarba, Lunga, Balnahuaigh, and Garvelloch, and several small uninhabited islets. According to Colonsay tradition, Somerled was the direct descendant of Jarl Gilli, who governed the Sudereys (Southern Isles) from Colonsay and who died about 1005 a.d.; a famous Viking grave in Colonsay may be that of Jarl Gilli, in which case DNA may one day confirm or deny the tradition. After the Norse occupation, Colonsay, in the county of Argyll, fell under the sway of the Lords of the Isles. Dr. Loder (Lord Wakehurst) in his monumental study of Colonsay, with the collaboration of the 3rd Lord Strathcona, provided all residents of the Island with a priceless book on the history, flora, fauna and topography of Colonsay and Oronsay. Furthermore Colonsay House and woodland gardens are worth visiting. The church, erected about the year 1776, is a neat plain structure; the interior has been enlarged and greatly improve… Later again, when everything else had been lost to them, King James VII reconfirmed the islands of Colonsay and Oronsay to the representative of Clan Donald by charter as late as 1687; the sasine to the charter was registered on 19th October 1687, even whilst the enemy was at the gate - William of Orange landed at Torbay on 5 November 1688. If you would Please re… It is said to The "Old Parish Register" was maintained by the Presbyterian minister of the day. About Colonsay » Colonsay offers great tranquility and packs a wide variety of unspoilt natural beauty into its varied habitats. Clan Crest Quaich . Commission There is evidence of human activity on Colonsay going back to 7,000 B.C. The curved Palladian style wings were added on in 1780. The early history of Colonsay and Oronsay may be studied in a wide variety of publications, as may details of the geology and natural history. graves and the substantial remains of 15th Here are eight highlights: Historic There is evidence of numerous Bronze Age occupation sites. has a tea-room. Town History; Native American occupancy. Yet it was not always like this - in prehistoric times, Colonsay was at the centre of activity. century consecrated High Altar is one of very few that has survived From at least the early 14th century it was governed by Clan McPhee with the support of their traditional lieutenants, Curries, McAllisters and Bells (or MacMillans). it emerged from the Sound of Islay. By moving his family to Colonsay for a few months and living side-by-side with a crofter and his wife, McPhee explores the people, mythology, history, landscape, and daily lives and concerns of the island via a wide-ranging series of episodes. the Iron Age, the The islands of Colonsay and Oronsay were visited by the Vikings during their domination of the Western Isles and used as a base for raids to the south. Writing the History of Colonsay John de Vere Loder’s book Colonsay and Oronsay in the Isles of Argyll was published in 1935, eighty years ago. have been the ancestral home of Somerled, progenitor of the Lords of At least nine Anecdotal material, diaries or unpublished material will be much appreciated - please feel free to get in touch with byrne[at]colonsay.org.uk. In 1904 Sir John Carstairs McNeill V.C. Colonel Archibald Macneil 5th laird of Colonsay (fl. The sea was not a barrier to these people, instead it was a highway and by the beginning of the Bronze Age an important trading route connected the eastern Mediterranean with Scandinavia by way of the Iberian Peninsula, the Irish Sea and the Great Glen (which nowadays is known for the Caledonian Canal). Beach Cleaning:. The first The 15th COLONSAY HISTORY PROJECTS:. Echoes of the In keeping with the times, the early years of Clan history had their turbulent periods as well as those of stability and honour. The Scottish Government introduced the Bee Keeping (Colonsay and Oronsay) Order 2013 to prevent cross breeding with other honeybees (Apis mellifera) and to protect it from diseases common on the mainland. Although it would never equate to the great trading centres of York, Dublin or Wexford, Colonsay was a convenient administrative centre for the Viking rulers in Man and to this day bears witness to that fact in both placenames and archaeological remains. Colonsay / k ə ˈ l ɒ n z iː / is a town in the rural municipality of Colonsay No. In it was a warrior, his horse and weapons. It is a curious fact that many present-day MacDonalds associate themselves with Skye, whereas it was Colonsay that provide both the Alpha and the Omega to their period of glory. The Strand is a sand and mud flat area which almost dries up at low tide and divides Colonsay from Oronsay. In 1549 Archdeacon Munro informs us that "The lle is bracket be ane gentle capitaine callit McDuffyhe, and pertained of auld to Clan Donald of Kintyre." In fact, whoever controlled Colonsay controlled the entrance to and from the vital Sound of Islay, effectively with a stranglehold upon the entire channel of communications. COLONSAY MEN HUGH MCDOUGALL, ANGUS CLARK, DUNCAN MCDOUGALL, PETER MACALLISTER, DION ALEXANDER ASSISTED IN THE PROJECT. are 10 pre-Reformation Christian sites, including the important Of note is the magnificent Monterey Pine, said to be Thus Colonsay, Oransay, the Rhinns of Islay and the tiny, northernmost islands of Ireland are geologically connected and are rather different to the surrounding area. The Landscape and Habitats of Colonsay and Oronsay 9 A History of Ornithology and Bird Conservation on Colonsay and Oronsay 15 The Avifauna of Colonsay and Oronsay 23 Introduction to species accounts 27 species accounts 31 Appendix 1. century clachan, north of Scalasaig, shows how houses were built “in century Cille Chatan – The Chapel of St. Catan. Some of the gravestones are hard to read, a transcription can be seen at The Bookshop or online. BC. In 1995 evidence of large-scale Mesolithic nut shelling, some 8,000 years ago, was found in a midden pit at Staosnaig on the island's sheltered east coast, in a large, shallow pit full of the remains of hundreds of thousands of burned hazelnut shells. Hazelnuts have been found on other Mesolithic sites, but rarely in such quantities or concentrated in one pit. intact, while the High Cross, which is almost 3.7 metres tall, is There are several historical sources for those who wish to learn about Colonsay's history, all of which are stocked by the Colonsay Bookshop. the Isles, who in 1156 defeated the fleet of Godred, King of Man, as Records of Category D and Category E species 369 Appendix 2. From 1737, there was voluntary emigration to North Carolina, interrupted by the American War of Independence - after which came clearances, initially to North Carolina, and then to Pictou and later to Prince Edward Island. JURA and COLONSAY, a parish, in the district of Islay, county of Argyll. Founded by a typical 19th The Mesolithic hunter-gathering population which occupied the area following the most recent ice-age seems to have had the tiny island of Oransay at the heart of its way of life - for 1,500 years and more it seems that Oransay provided a centre for seasonal visits, for feasting and - presumably - matchmaking and other social and intellectual exchange. Various We are proud of our rich heritage and history and would love to share it with you. a run” (i.e. on Ancient & Historic Monuments (Scotland). MacPhie, the governors of the island under Clan Donald. After Sir James MacDonald had to make his escape to Spain in 1615, he left the protection of his sister and the fortunes of the southern clan to the surviving leader, Colkitto MacDonald of Colonsay. skill. Grieve, Skene, Grant, Murdock McNeill and John McPhee have each contributed to our knowledge of Colonsay. The island of Jura, takes its name from the numerous herds of red-deer with which it abounded, and of which many are still preserved. heritage of field-systems, fermtouns and architecture. Read more about our island » The clan has a long history with the islands of Colonsay and Oronsay in the Scottish Inner Hebrides, and today many monuments to various lairds and churchmen of the clan are found on these islands. It is an accepted fact that the first Donald was descended from Somerled, and it was from a base in Colonsay that, in 1156, Somerled provoked Godred, King of Man, to send a fleet against him which he ambushed and defeated in the Sound of Islay. while medieval and later periods are represented in the vernacular According to Moncreiffe, there is reason to believe that historically this branch were superior to the current chiefs of the Clan Macneil. It is built upon the site of a medieval chapel; a leaflet is provided with some details of the history and architecture. The Churches:. To this day, the population along the trading route bears witness to the past, as geneticists have been able to demonstrate by study of the inter-related DNA. The woodland garden is considered to be one of the finest rhododendron gardens in Scotland and can be visited on Wednesdays in the summer season. arrival of the first farmers in the early Bronze Age, around 2,500 Colonsay United Church is serving the Colonsay community and engaging and encouraging others through a life-changing journey in Colonsay, Saskatchewan. Conditions for much of the 19th century were very harsh in Colonsay but began to improve towards the later years, largely due to intervention by the state as regards medicine, education, communications and the application of Common Law. Thus it was that when the Scotti came across from Ireland they established an important command centre in Colonsay, and St. Columba used Oransay as a key link in his own supply line back to Derry and the Foyle by way of Islay; from his base in Iona he was able to foray up the Great Glen as far as the kingdom of King Brude, securing the next link in the great trade route. Descending from this branch were the MacNeils of Colonsay who obtained Colonsay in 1700 and owned it until 1904 when it was sold by John Carstairs McNeill. This number has now increased to about 110, or fully a third of the entire population. Our mission is to nurture a diverse and welcoming community, committed to following fearlessly wherever God is leading us and make Disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of Colonsay and the world! Built on the site of Kiloran Abbey, the first part of Colonsay House was built in 1722. Doon the Watter… look at the outline notes kindly provided by the Commission We have also been given permission by the The Royal Commission on the A… The nuts were radiocarbon dated to 7720±110 BP, which calibrates to c. 6000 BCE. Pathfinder Map of Colonsay shows all the most important The Island of Colonsay, with its penticle Oransay, is barely 20 square miles in extent, and has a population of about 135 persons, being situated about 37 miles to the southwest of Oban, the nearest mainland port. 7,000 to 3,500 BC. The 19th century historian W. F. Skene named the clan as one of the seven clans of Siol Alpin —who according to Skene could all trace their ancestry back to Alpin , father of Cináed mac Ailpín . CLAN MACFIE HISTORY. John de Vere Loder's book 'Colonsay and Oronsay in the Isles of Argyll' was published in 1935, eighty years ago. John the Good, Lord of the Isles, around 1340 AD the substantial That trading route ran past Colonsay and along the Firth of Lorne, ensuring that this seemingly remote location was never far from events in the wider world. The clan's burial place was the island of Oronsay. A MacPhie is the Colonsay equivalent of a Munro and has to exceed 300ft (91.46m). Whatever the case, it is undeniable that Colonsay is the ancestral home of all MacDonalds on earth, and in fact it evidently remained dear to the clan throughout their turbulent history. The ruins of archaeological sites, or you can buy a local guidebook to find out During the Archaic period, from the 8th millennium BCE to 1000 BCE, Native Americans migrated year-round. The History of Clan MacFie. 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