So, why did Jesus come to fulfill the Law and the Prophets? The next Covenant would be even greater. The religion of the Old Testament is the embryo of Christianity. All the promises of God in the Old Testament are fulfilled in Jesus Christ. Then they understood that Jesus is the One Seed of Abraham Who inherits the covenant promises made to Abraham. (Matthew 5:17-19) In Matthew’s account of the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said: Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. how did Jesus fulfill the Covenant God made in the Old Testament? Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It is a common adage by now that the Old Testament is fulfilled in the New Testament, and the New revealed in the Old. (Hebrews 9). Jesus is God’s agent to bring salvation to a lost humanity and heal a broken world. Daily, weekly, and especially at the great feasts, the priests at the temple sacrificed animals on the altar. 3. John writes concerning the end of our exile from God’s Presence: “And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street. Since then everyone has died. He is Emmanuel, as Isaiah prophesied, meaning “God with us.” (Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:23) “For a child will be born to us,” Isaiah wrote elsewhere. The misconception that Jesus did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament is predominately held by Jewish People. Let us not suppose for a moment that it is set aside by the gospel or that Christians have nothing to do with it. In predicting a Messiah the prophets and Psalmists promised a King Who would fulfill God’s Covenant with David. Besides fulfilling Israel’s worship and its Mediatorial offices, Jesus fulfilled the Mosaic Covenant by bringing Israel’s calling among the nations to perfect completion. He has conquered death, and when He comes we will be raised and become perfect as He is perfect. One reason the Bible’s Old Testament is so important to Christians is that it contains prophecy — over 300 predictions, in fact — that, like the threads of a tapestry, establish the Messianic credentials of Jesus.. Click, swipe, or hover over each verse reference to see it. Christians honor the Old Testament as the Word of God, just as Jesus did. If anything, it exalted and raised their authority (Romans 3:31). Jesus is both David’s heir and the fulfillment of sacrificial worship. At the same time we are moving forward in time with the disciples as they grew in their understanding of Jesus. Where the first Adam failed, Jesus succeeded. The Mosaic Covenant did not do away with the Covenant made with Abraham; it could not nullify a promise made already. “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery;’ but I say to you, that everyone who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.” (Matthew 5:27-28) Note the authoritative, “but I say to you.” No man ever spoke like Jesus. Jesus therefore is the recipient of the great promises made to Abraham: that his offspring would be as many as the stars in the sky (Israel under the Old Covenant, the church today), that he would inherit a land (Canaan, and now all the world), and that in Him all the nations of the earth would be blessed (by Israel’s witness to its neighbors, now by the Church’s worldwide testimony.) The Old Testament is the gospel in the bud. How did, does, and shall Jesus Christ fulfill the promises of the Old Covenant? Is it Okay to Watch Football on the TV on Sundays? Sacrifices had to keep being offered over and over again for the same sins; hence they weren’t efficacious. To the serpent God said, “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel.” (Genesis 3:15) God would not allow friendship between man and Satan to last. Jesus fulfilled all of the Temple worship. If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days.” (Isaiah 53:10) David himself, Peter noted on the Day of Pentecost, prophesied Messiah’s Resurrection in Psalm 16 when he wrote, “Thou wilt not suffer Thy Holy One to undergo decay.” (Psalm 16:8-11, Acts 2:25-31) And Jesus Himself said many times that He would rise on the third day. Genesis 3:15…..Seed of a woman (virgin birth)…..Luke 1:35, Matthew 1:18-20 2. Because of Adam’s sin the whole human race has been exiled from God’s presence. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright and morning star.” (Revelation 22:16) The night Jesus was born, the angel told the shepherds that he had good news for all the people: “For today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.” (Luke 2:11) God kept his covenant promise to David and fulfilled His word through Jeremiah by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, to be Israel’s King. Jesus came not to destroy the Law and the Prophets but to fulfill them. The New Testament seeks to announce the gospel of Jesus—his life, death, and resurrection—as the fullest expression of Israel’s story. All rights reserved. New and Everlasting Covenant – Communion/Eucharist The Covenants in the Old Testament kept growing until the Lord’s people had grown to a national kingdom. Christ came not to destroy the old religious system but to build upon it; He came to finish the Old Covenant and establish the New. Also, beware of despising the law of the Ten Commandments. When Jesus said that all things about Him written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled, He referred to the entire Hebrew Bible I have just outlined, the Psalms standing for all the Writings. But Adam failed and was expelled from Paradise. His followers are encouraged—commanded—to read it. Paul writes, “Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. That story is complex. He is the King Who rules His people for God. Paul writes, “Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham.” (Galatians 3:7) Jesus fulfills the Covenant with Abraham because He is the One Seed of Abraham. Not only is He the sacrifice, He is also the Temple. Jesus said that he had come to fulfill the law and the prophets. Jesus is the ultimate seed of promise. Paul is simply following the example of the Lord Jesus who established his teaching by quoting from the Old Testament. “How was Abraham justified?” By faith, the Bible says. In this article I will not list Old Testament prophecies such as “born in Bethlehem” (Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:4-6) or “buried with the rich” (Isaiah 53:9, Matthew 27:57-60) and cite their fulfillment by Jesus. The Old Testament, though often thought of as filled with dry history, contains important tests concerning Christ's claims to be the Son of God and the Messiah. This also is what is meant by Jesus when he said that he came not to abolish the law but to fulfill it, (Matthew 5:17). But in Christ the Second Adam all is renewed. But God had promised David in a covenant that a son of his would always sit on the throne in Jerusalem. Does he have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses and also believe in Christ? We’ll begin with the Jewish longing for a Messiah, promised clearly by the Later Prophets. Jesus and the Old Testament In examining the four gospels, we have a great amount of information to work with concerning Jesus’ view of the Old Testament. How Can God Make Good What Was Meant for Evil? Galatians 3:16. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. He is both. God’s word came to Jeremiah: Thus says the Lord, “If you can break My covenant for the day, and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne.” (Jeremiah 33:20-21). The revelation to his disciples about Jesus’ authority in words is now complete. 1. Come, Lord Jesus.” (Revelation 22:20). But Jesus’ words take priority in the Christian’s life. The following are scriptures and prophecies from the Old Testament that were correctly fulfilled in the first coming of Jesus Christ. But never, never let us despise it. After God had sent Peter to Cornelius, the Holy Spirit guided the Apostles and elders to understand that Jesus’ fulfillment of Moses’ Covenant meant that sacrifice, the Temple worship, the sacraments of Passover and Circumcision, and the laws which separated Israel from the Gentiles, such as the dietary laws, were no longer necessary. Who is Jesus? He came to fulfill the ceremonial law, by becoming the great sacrifice for sin, to which all the Old Testament offerings had ever pointed. Jesus explicitly states that he is not attempting to dissolve or annul the authority and principles of the Old Testament but rather, is purposed to “fulfill them”, unfold their meaning and embody them in a living, human form. All throughout the age of the Old Testament, God is inviting His people to look at him, to fix their eyes on him, because he is the only way through the mire of sin, death and confusion that we experience day in and day out. He never said, “Thus saith the Lord,” the common introductory claim of God’s prophets. (Matthew 7:28-29) Here is a sample of how Jesus taught as He revealed the depths of the moral law. They were therefore to go teach all nations. (I Corinthians 13:12) We cannot yet eat from the Tree of Life. “If any man is in Christ, he is a new creature.” (II Corinthians 5:17) Jesus is the conqueror of death who has reconciled us to God and will bring us home to Him. In its right place it is just as important as "the glorious gospel." This article lists many references to the Old Testament found on the lips of Jesus in the Gospels. God accepted Abraham by faith long before He gave the Law to Moses and even before God told Abraham to observe circumcision. This is how Jesus fulfills the Old Testament and makes it new. Isaiah foretold a Servant of the Lord Who would bring justice to the nations, Who would be a covenant to the people, Who would restore Israel’s fortunes, Who in short would be the Messiah. What animal sacrifices did was foretell the coming perfect sacrifice, Jesus, the Savior. Not only did Elisha have as his forerunner Elijah in the Old Testament, but Jesus had as His fore-runner Elijah or John the Baptist as well: as God said at the end of the Old Testament… His reign as Messiah would appear to end even before it began. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom.” (Isaiah 9:6-7) Jesus Himself pointed out that David in Psalm 110 speaks of Messiah’s victories and calls his Son “lord.” “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?” Jesus asked. Put another way, the Old Testament is like an intricate … Moses. A  Congregation in the Atlantic Presbyteryof the, “These are my words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures. For instance, the crucifixion of Jesus was foretold in Psalm 22:16-18 approximately 1,000 years before Christ was born, long before this method of execution was even practiced. Conservatively, Jesus fulfilled at least 300 prophecies in His earthly ministry. Christians are happy to have Christ be their priest and sacrifice. The Mosaic Covenant was a temporary application of God’s promises to Abraham until the true heir of those promises, Jesus, was born. As Graeme Goldsworthy has argued, Jesus is “the goal and the fulfillment of the whole Old Testament” and is “the key to the Bible.” Therefore, everything about these laws is reinterpreted because Jesus is the center of God’s revelation, … Immediately after Peter said, “You are the Messiah,” Jesus scandalized Peter by telling His disciples that, according to the Scriptures, He would be rejected by the leaders of Israel, handed over to the Romans, crucified, and after three days He would rise again. Paul writes: “For as through one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of One the many will be made righteous.” (Romans 5:19; see I Corinthians 15:45). He said, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.” (Luke 22:20) (“New covenant” translates the Greek “kaine diatheke,” a rendering preferred in modern English translations, except that the familiar “New Testament” is still used to name the Scriptures written in connection with the New Covenant.). He is the Second Adam from whom the human race takes a new beginning. Scholars differ in their answers, generally ranging from about 200 to 400. Could the blood of bulls and of goats really take away sin? He said, “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.” (Matthew 5:17). Abraham--Through Jesus, all people of the world are blessed. Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promise of a Messiah, but He is much more than another David ruling Israel. He is the Second Adam, the beginning of a new human race. Abraham, the Scriptures testify, believed God and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.” (Jeremiah 31:32, Hebrews 8-9), At the Last Passover, the memorial of the Old Covenant, Jesus took bread and the cup, establishing the memorial of the New Covenant, the Lord’s Supper. That covenant is recorded in II Samuel 7 and celebrated in Psalms 89 and 132. Messiah would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14) Fulfilled in Matthew 1:22-23; Luke 1:26-31. Some people assumed he had come to replace the Old Testament Law and the work of the prophets, but revolution was not his calling. For them God’s plan of salvation unfolded with the Israelites, then was added to and redefined by Christ. Exodus 33:11 And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. Jesus, in fact, spoke as One greater than the prophets. three persons one God. Jesus is the great fulfillment of these Old Testament symbols. The Old Covenant is to the New Covenant what promise is to fulfillment. Before expelling Adam from the Garden, God said, “For you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” (Genesis 3:19) But God also left Adam and Eve with hope. I would. He is the Seed of Abraham in whom all nations of the earth are blessed. The key word here is “fulfill.” The New Testament authors, while valuing the Old Testament as revelation, saw Jesus to be the fulfillment of that revelation. Trinity. They had to be forced to see in Him the sacrifice for their sins. How Is Jesus Shown in the Book of Genesis? Jesus! He spoke with authority as God’s own Son, a way of speaking that people marveled at. In living a perfect life, Jesus fulfilled the moral laws; in His sacrificial death, Jesus fulfilled the ceremonial laws. How Jesus Fulfills the Old Testament. Let us never listen to those who bid us throw it aside as an obsolete, antiquated, useless book. By being the Son of David and God’s chosen Messiah to suffer for His people, rise to life, and ascend to heaven to rule, Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with David beyond Israel’s wildest dreams. Does a person have to do the works of the Law in order to be saved? Jesus regains Paradise. First, He is the Son of God as well as the Son of David. Tabernacle furniture was a constant reminder of man’s sinfulness and need for a Savior. How did, does, and shall Jesus Christ fulfill the promises of the Old Covenant? It is God’s Covenant with Adam and his descendants which God renewed with Noah after the Flood. The significance of this point is primarily that it anticipates the divine origin of Jesus and serves as the basis for the … How does Jesus fulfill the covenants God made in the Old Testament with: 1. He is the Priest Who brings the people before God in worship. But beyond that we live forever IN Jesus and He IN us. He is much more than another David. The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. (Habakkuk 2:4, Romans 1:17). The coming of Christ did not alter the position of the Ten Commandments in the least. Public Domain. Notice that in seeing how Jesus fulfilled the prophesies about the Messiah, we have moved backward in time from the Covenant with David, to the Mosaic Covenant (which Jeremiah labels Old and which gives its name to the Old Testament Scriptures), and now to the Covenant with Abraham. He commands his disciples to teach all nations his words first and foremost. He came to fulfill the ceremonial law, by becoming the great sacrifice for sin, to which all the Old Testament offerings had ever pointed. He came to fulfill the moral law, by yielding to it a perfect obedience, which we could never have yielded - and by paying the penalty for our breaking of it with His atoning blood, which we could never have paid. 4. But he does not destroy the Old Testament—far from it. (Acts 2:34, Psalm 110:1) Jesus, the Son of David, is also the Son of God, He is the Lamb of God who died for our sins, and He is the Resurrected King. The writer to the Hebrews answers “No,” and shows why from the very sacrificial system of Moses. In sum, His interpretation is this: “You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of Me.” (John 5:39) Jesus did not start a new religion. Or does he only have to repent and believe in Christ? What is the Reformed Presbyterian Church? He is the Prophet like Moses, only greater. They spoke forth the word of God as well as foretold the future. At best in this life we see only dimly in a mirror. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. No, they concluded. The Scriptures written in connection with the Old Covenant contain: 1) the Law, with Genesis as a Prologue to the Covenant; 2) the Prophets, Early: Joshua to II Kings, covering the history of Israel in Canaan, and Later: Isaiah to Malachi; and 3) the Writings, I Chronicles to Song of Solomon, covering Israel’s later history and its Wisdom literature. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2021, Christianity.com. Jesus makes perfect what was lacking in the Patriarchs of Israel. Jesus and the apostles repeatedly cited OT Scripture that proved Him the Messiah. As He said, “In my Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. They called the coming King the Anointed One, Messiah in Hebrew, Christ in Greek. -- Luke 24:44-45, Wouldn’t you love to hear a tape of Jesus’ talk showing how He fulfilled the Old Testament? The argument stems from several key Scriptures: Isaiah 11:1-9, Isaiah 2:3-4, and Micah 4:2-3. (Genesis 12:1-3) The nations are blessed by being saved through faith in Christ, just as Abraham was saved by faith alone. We have the New Testament! Adapted from The Gospel of Matthew by J.C. Ryle (Chapter 5). But how does a sinner come near to God through Christ? He is much more in three ways. (Revelation 5:6) If a person will not have Christ as King, he will not have Him as sacrifice either. That is why it is through him that we utter our Amen to God for his glory. The last Old Testament prophet, John the Baptist, taught the same thing. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. (Genesis 15:6, Romans 4:3, Galatians 3:6) Therefore, the just shall live by faith. Everything in the tabernacle is fulfilled in Him. They have been organized by the three divisions of the Old Testament: Torah (Five Books of Moses), Prophets (or Neviim), and Writings (or Ketuvim). “And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. What Does It Mean to Be a Daughter of Christ? He inherits the promise of being a blessing to all nations of the earth when He grants salvation to all who trust in Him apart from works of the Law. Here is an irony of history. But Jerusalem fell, and for six hundred years no son of David sat on the throne. ... the Old Testament scriptures. On the Day of Atonement the High Priest sprinkled blood on the Mercy Seat in the Most Holy Place. But Christ was really sacrificed. Instead, I plan to show how Jesus of Nazareth fulfills all of the promises made by God in His covenants with David, Israel, Abraham, and Adam. Today, it is sometimes the opposite. He was at war with Satan, resisting His temptations and casting out demons. Core Truth: The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus reenact and fulfill the Old Testament story. The prophet Jeremiah witnessed Jerusalem’s fall and the crisis of faith godly Israelites felt. He would be like a lamb led to slaughter, and He would be buried with the rich. Throughout the Gospels, we find Jesus confirming many of the accounts in the Old Testament, such as the destruction of Sodom and the death of Lot’s wife (Luke 17:29, 32) the murder of Abel by his brother Cain (Luke 11:51), the calling of Moses (Mark 12:26), and the manna given in the wilderness (John 6:31–51). Why Did the Reformed Presbyterian Church Oppose Slavery? It cannot save us. Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, took Israel into captivity in Babylon, and left no son of David on the throne. The proof that God’s plan for salvation was always that it would be by faith in Christ alone is found in His Covenant with Abraham. He fulfilled an old one. Adam lost Paradise. Eight days after Jesus was born, Simeon took baby Jesus in his arms and, quoting Isaiah, called Jesus “A light of revelation to the Gentiles.” (Isaiah 42:6, Luke 2:32) In His last instructions before His ascension Jesus told His disciples that all authority in heaven and on earth was His. How many prophecies are there in the Old Testament that were fulfilled by Jesus? What does the New Testament say about Jesus? Israel was supposed to be a light to the nations, revealing the One True God to all people. Founding Churches in Ottoman Empire Territory. (Matthew 22:45) The Pharisees had no answer to that question: fathers do not call their sons “lord.” The answer lies in Jesus’ identity as the Son of God as well as the Son of Man. After a four hundred year rule King David’s dynasty ended. (Galatians 3:6-8) When a person believes in Christ, he is united to Him by faith and becomes one of Abraham’s offspring. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.” (John 14:2-3) No wonder the Bible ends with the words, “Amen. First, He is the Son of God as well as the Son of David. having to do with the rabbis, the leaders of Judaism. It is a symptom of an ignorant and unhealthy state of religion when the law is lightly esteemed. The saints in the Old Testament saw many things through a glass darkly. The words he spoke and the hope he communicated attracted them. Jesus drew people to him. (Deuteronomy 18:18, Acts 3:22) God’s final word to the world has come through His Son, Jesus. The true Christian "delights in God's law" (Romans 7:20). Faithful Jews, however, believed Jeremiah’s word and similar prophecies by Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Micah, Zechariah, and all the prophets: that God would one day raise up a son of David to sit on his throne. That story is complex. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. Copyright © 2011 Broomall Reformed Presbyterian Church. What's Important about Jesus Not Breaking Any Bones? Amen. The books of the Old Testament contain many passages about the Messiah—all prophecies Jesus Christ fulfilled. Any number of study Bibles do that quite well. Adam--Jesus resotres our relationship with God that was broken by Adam's sin. Old Testament prophecies are repeatedly fulfilled in the life and actions of Jesus as Messiah in the New Testament. He says, "Don't think that I came to destroy the law, or the prophets. The New Testament says the following about the prophetic ministry of Jesus. He does not say, ‘And to seeds,’ as referring to many, but rather to one, ‘And to your seed,’ that is Christ.” (Galatians 3:16) Isaac, whom Abraham almost sacrificed at God’s command, was only an illustration, a type, of Christ. When he saw Jesus, he said, “Behold the lamb of God which takes away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29). Alfred Edersheim found 456 Old Testament verses referring to the Messiah or His times. The People had waited for a thousand years. Jesus does three things to complete what the Old Testament started. Like Isaac, whose birth was miraculous, Jesus miraculously was born to fulfill the covenant made with Abraham and to fulfill every promise God ever made to mankind. Finally, Jesus is more than just another David because after three days He rose from the dead and ascended into heaven to rule all nations. 4. So, the question of how many prophecies Jesus fulfilled is difficult to answer with precision. Jesus fulfilled the type and shadow of Elisha. On the Cross, Jesus completed the work as the great Mediator between God and man. The writer to the Hebrews calls Jesus our perfect High Priest, Who entered into the Holy Place of heaven with His own blood to make intercession for us. With Jerusalem’s fall and the end of Judah’s independence, it appeared that God had broken His covenant. Christmas is about celebrating our true inheritance- Christ himself. Jesus, in his prophetic ministry, fulfilled the role of a prophet. I didn't come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). I.E. Prophet: In the old testament a prophet was typically one that communed with God to get revelation for the Israelites and was head of the 'church.' Christians For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. rabbinic. The Old Covenant is recorded in Exodus 19-24 and more generally in Exodus to Deuteronomy. By it, the Spirit shows men their need of Christ and drives them to Him. 2. I didn't come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). First, they understood that He is the Messiah, the Son of David. But they all looked by faith to the same Savior and were led by the same Spirit as ourselves. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle. First, He is the fulfillment of the central feature of Israel’s God-given worship under the Mosaic Covenant, animal sacrifice. When Jesus asked his disciples, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered for them all: “You are the Christ.” (Mark 8:29) When we call Jesus of Nazareth “Jesus Christ,” we confess that He is the Messiah, the son of David, sitting on His throne in the heavenly Jerusalem. In Jesus’ day His disciples were eager to call Him King. Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promise of a Messiah, but He is much more than another David ruling Israel. 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